Revista Latina

Metadata - 2012

http://www.revistalatinacs.org/067/art/960_Getafe/16_Maciaen.html
DOI: 10.4185/RLCS-2012-960en

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<title>RLCS, Revista Latina de Comunicación Social</title>
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<meta name="DC.title" content="Presumption of innocence and journalistic ethics: the ‘Aitana case’”/>
<meta name="DC.creator.personalName" content="Dr. Carlos Maciá-Barber"/>
<meta name="DC.creator.address" content="carlos.macia@uc3m.es"/>
<meta name="DC.contributor.editor" content="Dr. José-Manuel de-Pablos-Coello"/>
<meta name="DC.contributor.address" content="jpablos#ull.es"/>
<meta name="DC.Date.availableated"lang="es" scheme="iso8601" content="2012"/>
<meta name="resource-type" content="scientific paper"/>
<meta name="distribution" content="Global"/>
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<meta name="digital objet identifier, DOI" content="DOI: 10.4185/RLCS-2012-960"/>
<meta name="DC.Description" lang="en" content=“Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, RLCS, is a scientific journal edited at the University of La Laguna, ULL (Tenerife, Canary Islands) in the Laboratory of Information Technologies and New Analysis of Communication, LATINA according to its initials in Spanish, founded in 1987 by Dr. José Manuel de-Pablos-Coello, under the protection of special doctorate programmes for Latin American professors. The journal publishes under the main summary almost exclusively research papers written following the formula IMR&DC+B: introduction, methodology, results and discussion plus conclusion, with a updated bibliography: at least 70% of the bibliographic entries must be from the past 10 years and half of them from scientific journals in Spanish and English languages. Reviewers make a double blind peer examination. This is a collective and inter-university project, including many professors and researchers from almost all Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries. The journal is the following databases: EBSCO (USA), DOAJ (Lund University, Sweden), Redalyc (Mexico), Dialnet (Spain); and is indexed by the CINDOC-CSIC in DICE, ISOC, RESH, Office of Latin American Education, OEI according to its initials in Spanish; Dulcinea... and at 2011, in Scopus. In Spain the journal is a reference in the Directory of Index of Spanish Periodicals of Social and Communication Sciences, IN-RECS, of the University of Granada, UGR. RLCS occupies the first position in the cumulative index for the periods 2003-2007; 2004-2008, 2005-2009 and the years 2008. 2009 and 2010.”/>
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<meta name="DC.contributor.referee I" content="REPORT I:"The article Presumption of innocence and journalistic ethics: the Aitana case rigorously addresses the consequences of the publication of images before a final judgement has been issued of individuals accused of being involved in criminal offences. The article forces us to reflect on the irreparable harm that may be suffered by an individual who is later cleared of a crime, given that the rectification never has the same impact as the initial publication of the story. This is a well-structured work analysing in detail a famous case that had a major impact on public opinion and at the same time demonstrates how the transformation of news into entertainment can sometimes prevail over the professional treatment of content. The social responsibility of the media is highlighted here in the case of trial by media and it is shown how the right to honour, privacy and one’s own image conflict with the desire to capture audience at the expense of the morbid use of unnecessary images that add no useful information to the story. The author conducts a complete and broad treatment of the subject, using appropriate methodology and draws a number of interesting conclusions. For all these reasons, my report supports the publication of this article.— Dr. Xosé Soengas-Pérez – Professor of Audiovisual Communication - University of Santiago de Compostela."/>
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<meta name="DC.contributor.referee II" content="REPORT II: "The case examined is an original subject which has been little studied despite its paradigmatic nature for reflecting on trial by media in court cases related to tragic events in Spanish society. The article provides a number of significant advances, although limited, in the academic study of this type of event compared with previous work. It certainly provides evidence for the view that these media trials have become widespread in society and thus contributes to stimulating a critical spirit on the part of the public, a social function that also ought to be fulfilled by academic research into the media. The presentation of the content is clear and enlightening, the methodology is generally adequate and there is coherence between the preliminary research objectives on the one hand and the interpretation and conclusions on the other. Furthermore, given the social impact of the case studied, this work is useful for the knowledge and critical analysis of journalistic practice on the part of the public.— Dr. Antonio-José Baladrón-Pazos – University Rey Juan Carlos of Madrid."/>
<meta name="DC.Description.tableOfContents" lang="en"/>
<meta name="DC.description.abstract" content="ABSTRACT: On 26 November 2009, a 3–year old girl, Aitana, died in Arona, Tenerife. The cause of her death according to the medical report pointed towards the existence of various polytraumas caused by physical abuse, together with vaginal and anal injuries. Diego Pastrana, the mother’s partner, was arrested. He told the Guardia Civil officers that the injuries were the result of an accident in a children’s playground a few days before. An official press release announced that he had had been charged. Simultaneous trials –the real trial and the trial by media– began immediately. As Diego appeared in handcuffs, journalists en masse clamoured to deplore the events and condemn the accused. The public authorities of the Canary Islands also added their own high-sounding declarations of disgust. Four days later, the autopsy ruled out the presumed –and erroneous– cause of death. Diego, who suffers from depression, was admitted to hospital. He left the Canary Islands some days later. Some members of the media, the minority, turned the microscope on their own behaviour; a few journalists apologised. That was about the extent of it. The law and journalistic ethics agree in their view of how news coverage of this type of story must be approached. Yet the ease with which a reporter can distort reality is a serious cause for concern. This case–study in Spanish newspapers will thus enable us to identify potential and probable failures in news reporting from multiple perspectives: improper use of journalistic categories (news, opinion and interpretation), insufficient checking of news sources, imprecise style, tone and sensationalist headings, flaws in structuring the message and inadequate used of images."/>
<meta name="DC.Description.tableOfContents" lang="en"/>
<meta name="DC.keywords" content="Keywords: journalistic ethics; news; presumption of innocence; media; Spain."/>
<meta name="DC.identifier" LANG="es" SCHEME="URI"/>
<meta name="DC.publisher.corporateName" content="Universidad de La Laguna (Tenerife, Islas Canarias). LAboratorio de Tecnologías de la Información y Nuevos Análisis de Comunicación, LATINA"/>
<meta name="DC.date.issued" content="2012"/>
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<meta name="DC.identifier content="http://www.revistalatinacs.org/067/art/960_Getafe/16_Macia.htmll"/>
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<meta name="DC.identifier" content="http://www.revistalatinacs.org/067/art/960_Getafe/RLCS_paper960.pdf"/>
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<meta name="DC.language" content="es"/>
<meta name="DC.relation.isPartOf" content="1138-5820" scheme="ISSN"/>
<meta name="DC.rights"content="Universidad de La Laguna (Tenerife, Islas Canarias). LAboratorio de Tecnologías de la Información y Nuevos Análisis de Comunicación, LATINA"/>
<meta name="DC.TERMS.bibliographicCitation" content="Maciá-Barber, C. and Galván-Arias, M-A. (2012): "Presumption of innocence and journalistic ethics: the Aitana case", Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 67, pages 356 to 387. La Laguna (Tenerife, Canary Islands): La Laguna University, retrieved on ___th of ____ of 2_______, from
http://www.revistalatinacs.org/067art/960_Getafe/16_Maciaen.html
DOI: 10.4185/RLCS-2012-960en"/>