Revista Latina

Referees' reports - 2010

Report - “Analysing the development of TV news programmes: from information to dramatization” 

The research is centred in a review of the development of Spanish TV news programmes. There are some questionable aspects in terms of methodology like for example the location of the objectives and hypothesis in the same level, or having several points of view on the research (surveyed people/ public and contents) at different times.

In spite of these observations, there is preoccupation for the description of methods and techniques employed. The treatment and presentation of the data is detailed and meticulous. Regarding the theoretical work, the author reviewed both printed and online literature to determine the state of research on the subject examined.

Although the conclusion section repeats some descriptions already know by most experts in communications (for instance: “Because the large economic groups are in turn linked with the political power, the representation of the world is therefore clearly mediated in favour of one ideology or another and, thus, there is a great control of the information”; “News programmes try to encourage certain opinions among the audience”) the heuristic character stands out because the conclusions section signals new lines of research for the future. It must be understood that the article condensates a wider work than what is presented in this version and thus the author commits some methodological vagueness.

It could have been more productive to deliver the information of this research in several papers to avoid the superposition of different times of analysis. The publication of the article in RLCS is recommended.– Dafne García Escudero, Ph.D. – National University of Córdoba, Argentina. 
 a

The purpose of this article is to analyse the evolution of news processing in the Spanish television news programmes from their creation until today. The author divides this development into three periods: the 60s-70s, the 80s-90s and the present time. The study uses as methods of research content analysis and case studies. The investigation was developed at the Faculty of Education at the University of Oviedo. The last stage of the research is the one discussed in the article and took place in October 2009 having as the corpus of study the news programmes of TVE-1 (analysis of 154 news items) and Tele 5 (analysis of 120 news items).

The author found out that there is a clear evolution of narrative language in the news programme which ranges from the chronic and the reading of newsletters to the spectacularization of information through morbid images and, in recent times, the reality constructed in a cinematic fashion. According to the investigation, news in the programmes analyzed exhibit a structure which has an introduction, the hearth of the problem, and an end, with the appearance of such figures as the hero and the villain.

This situation entails making the news frivolous and the resulting misinformation. Other issues identified are that the information is constructed through fragmentation or serialization of the story, the customization of information, the hybridization of genres and the visual impact.

The article features a series of charts that help us to visualize the conclusions. It includes details of the other phases which is interesting when making comparisons and establishing the evolution of the news-making on television news programmes.– Patricia Castellanos Pineda, Ph.D. - University of Barcelona.

The article presents research that examines the development of the Spanish TV news programmes from the sixties to the present. This aspect of the analysis generates and enriches this investigation by providing interesting data on the evolution of the news programme. Therefore, the article provides data and conclusions that help and invite to further reflection.

Furthermore, the methodology used is correct for the objectives developed: a formal and meticulous analysis of the development of news programmes, as well as case studies, and their developments on two television channels, have provided interesting results because they provide an insight into the transformations that the information genre has had throughout the decades. Moreover, the sample chosen was studied in three different time phases and with various methodological tools that have enriched the data.

The evolution of the televisual discourse has provided new narrative forms based on fiction and the spectacle as means to get more audience share, a fact that has made the news programme a key piece of the programming of cable television channels. The author highlights and analyzes how the news programmes have been and continue to be manipulated as political tool by the television networks, while simultaneously studying developments in the treatment of information and images used.

This aspect is complemented by the study made by the author on audiences’ news reception and the impacts of this consumption on audiences’ emotions.

The structure of the article is clear, consistent and meets the objectives. The tables and data provided through the questionnaires clarify the conclusions drawn around the different aspects covered in this research. In this sense, the article offers important findings that serve as a basis for similar research.– Cristina González Oñate, Ph.D., and Carlos Fanjul Peyró, Ph.D. - Universitat Jaume I

a
The article “Analysing the development of TV news programmes: from information to dramatization” is a significant work from various perspectives. One of the positive and important aspects is that the object has been studied throughout three phases (the 1980s, the 1990s, and the current years), which allows relevant contributions. Even when TV news is frequently studied subject, it continues to be a fundamental element because it remains in the social, demographic and cultural agenda of the citizens. Other aspect that stands out is the elaboration of the graphics showing each one of the news perspectives. Because of this, I recommend the publication of the article.– Lizy Navarro, Ph.D. - University of San Luis Potosí, Mexico.

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